the life of the pawn.  The niece and her children, friends, neighbors, and
even the mythical thugs and drug addicts who might be prowling nearby
were used as outer threats against whom Ms. Rose and the Evil Nurse
must fortify themselves.  The home was regarded as a safe fort, but
always potentially threatened by sinister outside forces.  The niece was
turned into a greeedy person trying to put Ms. Rose in a nursing home
and take her money.  The police in their exercise yard were labelled a
group of thugs and addicts, and the patrolmen in the neighborhood as
potential burglars.  Ms. Rose was not taken for an eye examination and
needed new glasses.  She could not see clearly either to read or look
about.  To continue isolating Ms. Rose, the nurse placed a very large
table in front of the window in Ms. Rose's room so that she could not
go to the window to really see what was outside.  Thus, she had no way 
of knowing that she was being deceived, nor could she call out to others
below is she were so inclined.

3.  Dependency

A sense of dependency on the nurse and her cohorts was fostered.  Ms.
Rose was led to see herself as alone, cut off, unable to walk easily.  She
was led to believe that these "helping" persons were the only trustwor-
thy persons available.  That only they, in effect, could preserve Ms.
Rose's life.

4.  Sense of Powerlessness

A sense of powerlessness was also created by the engineered isolation,
the fostered dependency, and the siege mentality.  The pawn is led to see
that only the influencer or the one in charge has the power to do

5.  Sense of Fear and Vulnerability

A sense of fear and vulnerability was fostered by the exaggeration of
her physical problems, making Ms. Rose feel vulnerable and feeble.
False fears were instilled by telling her she was surrounded by menacing
people, known and unknown.  The Evil Nurse and her cohorts had
convinced Ms. Rose that only they could preserve her life, property,
and money.
Cultic Studies Journal, Vol. 10, No. 1, 1993